Bibliography: Digital Authoritarianism and Activism

The following is a selection of research relating to digital authoritarianism and activism in Singapore. Key topics include online censorship, online civil society, social media activism, internet policy, and digital protest.

If you have suggestions for inclusion on this list, please contact us.

You can access this bibliography on Zotero here.

You can find our full list of works relating to Singapore internet studies here.

Abidin, C. (2020). Activism in Singapore in the Digital Age: Influencer Cultures, Meme Factories, and Networked Virality. In Singapore Perspectives (pp. 49–55). WORLD SCIENTIFIC.

George, C. (2005). The internet’s political impact and the penetration/participation paradox in Malaysia and Singapore. Media, Culture & Society, 27(6), 903–920.

Goh, D., & Pang, N. (2016). Protesting the Singapore government: The role of collective action frames in social media mobilization. Telematics and Informatics, 33(2), 525–533.

Ho, K. C., Baber, Z., & Khondker, H. (2002). ‘Sites’ of resistance: Alternative websites and state-society relations 1. The British Journal of Sociology, 53(1), 127–148.

Jiow, H. J., & Morales, S. (2015). Lateral Surveillance in Singapore. Surveillance & Society, 13(3/4), 327–337.

Kenyon, A. T. (2010). Investigating Chilling Effects: News Media and Public Speech in Malaysia, Singapore and Australia. International Journal of Communication, 4(0), 28.

KLUVER, R. (2004). Political Culture and Information Technology in the 2001 Singapore General Election. Political Communication, 21(4), 435–458.

Lee, H., & Lee, T. (2019). From contempt of court to fake news: Public legitimisation and governance in mediated Singapore. Media International Australia, 173(1), 81–92.

Lee, T. (2001). The Politics of Internet Policy and (Auto-)Regulation in Singapore. Media International Australia, 101(1), 33–42.

Lee, T. (2005). Internet Control and Auto-regulation in Singapore. Surveillance & Society, 3(1).

Lee, T., & Kan, C. (2009). Blogospheric pressures in Singapore: Internet discourses and the 2006 general election. Continuum, 23(6), 871–886.

Liew, K. K., Pang, N., & Chan, B. (2013). New media and new politics with old cemeteries and disused railways: Advocacy goes digital in Singapore. Asian Journal of Communication, 23(6), 605–619.

Neo, R. (2020). The securitisation of fake news in Singapore. International Politics, 57(4), 724–740.

New media, new activism: Trends and trajectories in Malaysia, Singapore and Indonesia. (2014). International Development Planning Review, 36(1), 91–110.

Ortmann, S. (2012). Policy Advocacy in a Competitive Authoritarian Regime: The Growth of Civil Society and Agenda Setting in Singapore. Administration & Society, 44(6_suppl), 13S-25S.

Ortmann, S. (2015). Political Change and Civil Society Coalitions in Singapore. Government and Opposition, 50(1), 119–139.

Rodan, G. (1998). The Internet and Political Control in Singapore. Political Science Quarterly, 113(1), 63–89.

Rodan, G. (2003). Embracing electronic media but suppressing civil society: Authoritarian consolidation in Singapore. The Pacific Review, 16(4), 503–524.

Soh, W. Y. (2020). Digital protest in Singapore: The pragmatics of political Internet memes. Media, Culture & Society, 42(7–8), 1115–1132.

Soon, C., & Kluver, R. (2007). The Internet and Online Political Communities in Singapore. Asian Journal of Communication, 17(3), 246–265.

Soon, C., & Kluver, R. (2014). Uniting Political Bloggers in Diversity: Collective Identity and Web Activism*. Journal of Computer-Mediated Communication, 19(3), 500–515.

Sreekumar, T. T., & Vadrevu, S. (2013). Subpolitics and Democracy: The Role of New Media in the 2011 General Elections in Singapore. Science, Technology and Society, 18(2), 231–249.

Tan, N. (2020). Digital learning and extending electoral authoritarianism in Singapore. Democratization, 27(6), 1073–1091.

Woods, O. (2021). Mobilising Dissent in a Digital Age: The Curious Case of Amos Yee. Geopolitics, 26(2), 639–660.